Missed Opportunities for Tuberculosis Screening in Primary Care.

J Pediatr. 2015 Feb 23. pii: S0022-3476(15)00084-0. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2015.01.037. [Epub ahead of print]
van der Heijden YF, Heerman WJ, McFadden S, Zhu Y, Patterson BL.

To assess how frequently pediatric practitioners perform latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) screening according to guidelines. We hypothesized that screening occurs less frequently among children whose parents do not speak English as the primary language.
We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients attending well-child visits in an urban academic pediatric primary care clinic between April 1, 2012, and March 31, 2013. We assessed documentation of 3 LTBI screening identified as at high risk for LTBI. Of these, 514 (62%) did not have documented tuberculin skin test (TST) placement and documentation of results.
During the study period, 387 of 9143 children (4%) had no documentation of screening question responses. Among the other 8756 children, 831 (10%) were documentation of results, but non-Hispanic Black children were more likely to not TST placement in the appropriate time frame. Thirty-nine of 213 children (18%) who had a TST placed did not have documented results. Multivariable regression showed that parent language was not associated with TST placement or have a documented test result (aOR, 2.12; 95% CI, 1.07-4.19; P = .03) when results among high-risk children, the latter of which was associated with adjusting for age, sex, parent primary language, insurance status, day of the week, and study year of TST placement.
Parent primary language was not associated with LTBI testing. However, we found substantial gaps in TST placement and documentation of TST race/ethnicity. Targeted quality improvement efforts should focus on developing processes to ensure complete screening in high-risk children.