Effect of restricted pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeeding
Jaafar SH, Jahanfar S, Angolkar M, Ho JJ. The Cochrane Library 2012, Issue 7
Data collection and analysis
Plain language summary
Effect of pacifier use on duration of breastfeeding in full-term infants
Our review concluded that for mothers who are motivated to breastfeed their infants, pacifier use before or after breastfeeding was established did not significantly affect the prevalence or duration of exclusive and partial breastfeeding up to four months of age. The review provided moderate evidence from three randomised controlled trials (involving 1915 babies) comparing unrestricted with restricted pacifier use by healthy, full-term breastfeeding infants; two of the trials (1302 babies) were included in the analysis. However, there is a widespread belief that pacifiers may interfere with breast milk production and lead to discontinuation of breastfeeding.