National Collaborating Centre for Primary Care. Obesity: the prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children. London (UK): National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence; 2006 Dec. 2590 p.
La NICE con su excelencia caracteristica nos relata las alternativas de prevención en niños:
The care of children and young people should be coordinated around their individual and family needs and should comply with national core standards as defined in the Children's national service frameworks (NSFs) for England and Wales.
The overall aim should be to create a supportive environment that helps overweight or obese children and their families make lifestyle changes.
Decisions on the approach to management of a child's overweight or obesity (including assessment and agreement of goals and actions) should be made in partnership with the child and family, and be tailored to the needs and preferences of the child and the family.
Interventions for childhood overweight and obesity should address lifestyle within the family and in social settings.
Parents (or carers) should be encouraged to take the main responsibility for lifestyle changes for overweight or obese children, especially if they are younger than 12 years. However, the age and maturity of the child and the preferences of the child and the parents should be taken into account.